LE MUSEE - PARC ETHNOGRAPHIQUE DE KASZUBY
A WDZYDZE KISZEWSKIE DE TEODORA ET IZYDOR GULGOWSKI
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LE PLAN

Permanent exhibition
„Wooden architecture and culture of Kashubia and Kociewie from XVII to XXth century.”
(52 old wooden buildings on the area of 22 hectares)

SOUTH AND WEST KASHUBIAN ARCHITECTURE

1.

RICH PEASANT’S HOUSE FROM WDZYDZE KISZEWSKIE - a reconstruction of 18th century arcaded house which walls are made of beams joined cross-wise at the ends, made in 1936. The interior is divided into a corner vestibule, a room and a sleeping room equipped with traditional furniture and working tools from the turn of 19th c. In the corner of the room there is a heating stove made of clay pot-shaped tiles.

2.

FISHERMAN’S HOUSE FROM WDZYDZE TUCHOLSKIE - built in the 20s or 30s of 19th c. It shows the interior, after rearrangement at the beginning of 20th c, with furniture and fishing equipment used by family of landless peasants.

3.

RICH PEASANT’S HOUSE FROM CHRZTOWO - erected in 1852. It follows a typical style of rural architecture of that period, i.e. the front wall overlooks the road. The interior is preserved in the state from 1912. The internal part of the chimney enlarged with back vestibule transformed into kitchen. The rooms house an exhibition devoted to Teodora and Izydor Gulgowski and handicraft from Wdzydze.

4.

FARMSTEADFROM BORSK - from the 80s of 19th c.,owned by family living by hired labour, animal husbandry and craft. Within the farmstead there is a workshop functioning since the 20s of 20th c.whose owner did some wheelmaking, carpentry, boatbuilding, woodworking.

  • HOUSE – broadfronted, two-roomed, firnishing and utensils from the 20s and 30s of 20th c.
  • FARM BUILDING – construction based on 19th c. tradition; initially a barn with a mud floor; extended later with a workshop and two pigsties
5.

RICH PEASANT’S HOUSE FROM PIECHOWICE - built at the end of 18th c, rearranged in the 80s of 19th c by decreasing the arcaded part. Now a seat of folk artists and the choir "Wdzydzanki". Exhibition: “Wdzydze Handicraft – Workshops”.

6.

RICH PEASANT’S FARMSTEAD FROM NAKLS - consists of a rich peasant's house, a worker's hut, a pigsty, a barn, a well, a bread oven and a cellar.

  • RICH PEASANT'S HOUSE from Lipuska Huta, built in 1787. It has gable arcades, inside there is a large vestibule, a room for the oldest of the family, a living room, an alcove and a receptacle. The house is furnished with objects from 2nd half of 19th c.
  • WORKER'S HUT transferred from Nakla. It is a partly rebuilt 18th c. pigsty, adapted for dwelling purposes in 2nd half of 19th c. Under one common roof there are: a room with a vestibule, a passage for carts and a small pigsty
  • PIGSTY moved from Raduń, built in 1905, with many partitions and a characteristic "bull's eye" in the roof.
  • BARN transferred from Szablewo, built in 1748., two- mow, with a pass-through threshing floor.
7.

MINOR NOBLEMAN’S FARMSTEAD FROM TRZEBUŃ - typical of 2nd half of 19th c. and that social class villagers. Nearby a cross from Czapiewice the end of 19th c.

  • MANOR HOUSE from Trzebuń built in the 20s of 19th c. for the Kopp-Ostrowski family, the hereditary administrators of the village. Furnishing of the dwelling and farming rooms is typical of small landowners from the south-east Kashubia in the 80s and 90s of 19th c. Next to the house, there is a replica of a pole wayside chapel.
  • PIGSTY from Krosewo built in the 1863 contains a four-part interior divided into a cart house, a cow shed, a stable and a sheep-fold.
  • BARN from the village of Słone erected in the decline of 18th c., two-mow, with a pass-through threshing floor.
  • FARM BUILDING “TORFOWNIK”from Tuszkowy – built at the end of 19th c. Interiors intended to store fuel :firewood and peat, fishing equipment and house utensils.
  • POLE SHRINE – a replica of a pole wayside shrine from 1869 with a Pieta inside. The original sculpture displayed in the church from Swornegacie.

8.

RICH PEASANT’S FARMYARD FROM SKORZEWO consists of a house and a pigsty. Built in the first half of 19th c. for the need of a rich peasant's farm. In the 70s of 19th c. the farmyard belonged to a landless family earning their living by hired labour.

  • HOUSE from 2nd quarter of 19th c. In the Museum we show its state after the rebuilding - the 30s of 20th c. Narrow-fronted with a corner arcade, contains a vestibule, a living room, a room for the oldest of the family with a tailor's workshop and an alcove with a shoemaker's workshop.
  • PIGSTY from the village of Gorka, 1st quarter of 19th c. The rooms inside were intended for firewood and poultry feeding stuff stores and a pigsty with a henhouse. Nearby situated vegetable garden is enclosed by hazel fence.
9.

SMALLHOLDING FROM SKORZEWO: furnishing from the beginning of 20th c.( built in 1st half of 19th c.) consists of a house, a farm building, cellars and a small chapel surrounded by a wall of arranged field stones.

  • HOUSE from about 1800 with a characteristic annex for the oldest members of the family. Here a "Kashubian Drzymala",i.e. Franciszek Peplinski was born. He was standing in opposition to relinquishment of his Polish character in those days. The annex houses temporary exhibitions.
  • FARM BUILDING – from the beginning of 19th c ( a barn and a pigsty together). The gate of the barn is seated on wooden "rockers".
  • FARM CELLARS of transom bar construction, covered with turf.
  • SMALL SHRINE with a modern replica of an effigy of St. John Nepomucen. The original sculpture dating from 19th c. from Mojusz village underwent some preservation works and can be seen in the Museum collection.
10.

CRAFTSMAN’S FARMSTEAD FROM KALISKA – (planned to be extended)

  • HOUSE – from the beginning of 19th c.; arcaded, beams joined together cross-wise at the ends, thatched roof; its owner was the so-called “gromadzki sołtys” (village administrator)
  • PIGSTY – from 1780 ( date visible on the door lintel in the arcade ), single-roomed with an arcade supported by one post, construction beams joined together cross-wise at the ends; used for animal husbandry in craftsman’s farmstead.
11.

MANOR HOUSE FROM NOWY BARKOCZYN - built in 2nd half of 18th c., partly of carcass and partly of frame construction. Decoration from the beginning of 19th c. The outstanding arcade with an added attic ( a room for a farm-hand ) constitutes a very distinct architectural detail.

12.

MINOR NOBLEMAN’S FARMSTEAD FROM CZARNA DĄBROWA – ( reconstruction works in progress) densely built-up area; included buildings were erected successively between 70s of 18th c.and 1917. Thus, it its a good illustration of development of folk Kashubian architecture.

  • MANOR HOUSE- wall beams joined together cross-wise at the ends; from the half of 19th c.
  • PIGSTY – stone and brick from 1917, three-part ( cowshed, pigsty, kitchen with a bread oven). Adapted for the needs of the exhibition
  • PIGSTY – framework construction from the 60s of 19th c.
  • BARN – wall beams joined together cross-wise at the ends, from the 70s of 18th c.; a building with a gateway enabling to pass trough ( main entrance to the farmstead), two mows separated by mud floor and a sheepfold accessible from the gateway passage.

ARCHITECTURE OF CENTRAL KASHUBIA

15.

RICH PEASANT’S HOUSE FROM GARCZ (to be extended), an example of a wealthy farmstead where animals were kept and land was farmed from 19th c tradition; to be seen in the museum in the state from the 30s of 20th c.

  • HOUSE – from 1828; timber framework with clay infill, thatched pitched roof flattened at the gables, interior after modernisation of fire system ( kitchen in the former chimney).
  • PIGSTY – transferred from Szopa, built in 1934; stone with shingled roof (“szyndle” – a kind of thin shingles torn off from pine or spruce wood). One interior divided into sections for cows, horses, pigs and hens.
  • BARN- 1st half of 19th c.; timber frame construction eith clay infill, thached sloping roof.

17.

FORESTER’S LODGE FROM NOWE CZAPLE – ( restoration works in progress), funded by Prussian forest administration 4th quarter of 19th c.

  • FORESTER’S LODGE – house with a basement of framework construction, multichambered. Shape and plan imposed by forest administration
  • OUTBUILDING - framework and brick. Under one common roof section for animals and a barn.
21.

MANOR HOUSE FROM RAMLEJE, raised by Jozef Arendt from Kiełpino in 1945 on the site of a house burnt during the Second World War, traditionally associated with noble Puzdrowski family. The building is broad-fronted, its interior is subdivided into separate rooms, framework construction of the walls, gable and thatched roof. Inside there are workshops of the Museum Section of Architecture.

ARCHITECTURE OF NORTH KASHUBIA
23.

RICH PEASANT’S FARMSTEAD FROM GNIEŻDŻEWO

SMALL SHRINE FROM PUZDROWO – built in 1937, undertaking initiated by villagers, in 2005 bequethed to the Museum. Inside en effigy of Holy Mother of the Rosary brought from Częstochowa in 1937.

26.

NOBLEMAN’S FARMSTEAD FROM LUZINO – (to be extended)

  • MANOR HOUSE – 3rd quarter of 17th c. Combination of timber framework construction and wall beams joined together cross-wise multiply rebuilt and modernised; interior multipartitioned with representative chambers from the front. Exhibitions: “ Dwelling of Noble Landowners in Kashubia from the Beginning of 20th c.”, “Clean and Tidy Home at the end of 19th c. and the beginning of 20th c.”, “ History of Farmstead from Luzino”.
  • GRANARY – from 3rd quarter of 18th c. of framework construction with clay infill. Exhibition : “ Poles, Germans, Kashubians. Photographic pictures from life of Kashubian and Pomeranian village in 19th and 20th c.” ( in cooperation with Herder Institute in Marburg, Germany).
  • PIGSTY – from 3rd quarter of 19th c., multipartitioned building ( cowshed, stable, pigsty, feed store), of stone with a tiled gable roof.
  • BARN – from the end of 19th c., framework construction, plank coated, gable roof covered with tar-paper.

ARCHITECTURE OF FOREST KOCIEWIE 

34.

FARMSTEAD FROM ZAZDROŚĆ – ( to be extended), built at the beginning of 19th c. in an amidstforrestrial settlement founded before 1780 in Bory Tucholskie, the inhabitants worked mainly in forest industry, minority dealt with farming and animal husbandry.

  • HOUSE – built after 1802. Dwelt by landless people earning their living by hired labour and craft works. Wall beams joined together cross-wise, protruding ends. The roof covered with pine "darnice". One- room interior, furnishing from 2nd half of 19th c.
  • PIGSTY – from the beginning of 19th c., wall beams joined together cross-wise, thached, no partitions.
ARCHITECTURE OF FIELD KOCIEWIE
39.

WORKER’S HOUSE FROM KLONÓWKA – built for farm- workers in the 30s of 19th c., out of small clay blocks with gable arcades.

Exhibition “ Florian Ceynowa and Starogard Uprising of 1846”.

40.

FARMSTEAD FROM SZCZODROWO - two-building, formerly inhabited by farm-workers.

  • HOUSE - built before 1874, interiors from the 20s of 20th c. in the southern part a village vet’s dwelling.
  • PIGSTY FROM KLUKOWA HUTA -built in 1897 by Kopica, a carpenter (from the area of Lipusz) by order of a rich peasant employing farm-workers. Framework construction of the walls, gable thatched roof.
41.

RICH PEASANT’S FARMSTEAD FROM POGÓDKI - is an example of a 19th c. stock and land farm from Kociewie. It consists of a house and a barn.

  • HOUSE built in the 70s of 19th c. Inside, around the central chimney, there are two vestibules and four rooms.
  • BARN FROM GRABÓWEK - built in 1749 , two-mow, divided by a pass-through threshing floor. Extensions of wattle and daub construction were used as pigsties.
  • "BOŻA MĘKA"( CHRIST'S PASSION ) a copy of an original folk cross from 1889, belonging to this farmstead. The restored original can be seen in the Museum collection.

INDUSTRIAL AND PUBLIC BUILDINGS

44.

WINDMILL "KOŹLAK" FROM JEŻEWNICA - built in 1876 by a master carpenter Ladwich. It is equipped with traditional grinding devices and more modern ones introduced in the 20s of 20th c.

45.

WINDMILL "HOLENDER" (A Dutchman) FROM BRUSY built in 1876 built.It is constructed of wooden parts of an old belfry, modernised in 1914, used until 1947. It is raised on octagonal site plan, three-storey interior, movable roof. The windmill is equipped with a large spindle wheel seated on a wing roller.

  • AUXILIARY SHED – a copy of a shed from Rolbik of timber-frame construction. Inside a roll turnery used for renovation of metal parts of a grain grinder and a traditional oil press ( oil was made from toasted linseed)
46.

SAWMILL FROM STANISZEWO - with a horizontal frame, the sawing machine was constructed in Bydgoszcz by "C.Blume and Son"factory in the end of 19th c. Formerly it was driven by water wheel or a steam engine. The roof is a reconstruction of an original sawmill roof.

49.

VILLAGE SCHOOL FROM WIĘCKOWY - built in the 50s of 19th c. with walls of frame construction. Typical design of that period divides the interior into a big classroom for about 100 children and a dwelling for a teacher. Here you can see a reconstructed classroom from the period between the Two World Wars.

  • FARM BUILDING FROM KALISKA – the 80s of 19th c., timber-frame construction with brick infill
50.

CHURCH FROM SWORNEGACIE - dedicated to St.Barbara, funded by the starosty of Tuchola, the villagers and the parish-priest from Konarzyny. Built about 1700 has a characteristic three-segmental compact construction. Its walls have got framework construction, the roof is shingled. The belfry of framework construction was added in 1740. Next to the church there is a copy of a cross from Wieprznica from the year 1766.

  • HIGH ALTAR from 3rd quarter of 17th century with paintings depicting St.Barbara and John the Baptist, from the beginning of 18th c.
  • SIDE ALTARS, the right one rococo-classicistic from 18th c.and the left one, classicistic from 19th c.

Wooden ceiling is covered with paintings from the beginning of 18th c. representing St.Barbara, John the Baptist and The Eye of Providence in rich floral ornaments. The whole corresponds to baroque tradition and emphasises the folk character of the interior.

51.

SMALL MANOR HOUSE FROM SKWIERAWY - built at the beginning of 18th c. The interior arranged for the reception needs of the Museum: a box-office, a souvenir shop and the exhibitions : introductory , and a permanent one "Old Furniture in Kashubia".

52.

SMALL MANOR HOUSE FROM RADUŃ - erected in the 50s of 19th c., founded by Lew-Kiedrowski family, outstanding in the village because of a large and modern construction, it immitated the classicistic manor houses fashionable in the middle of 19th c. Here there are workshops and offices of the Museum.

55.

SMITHY FROM LINIA - built at the beginning of 20th c. Framework construction of the walls , gable roof covered with roofing paper, used until the 80s of 20th c.

58.

LEASEHOLDER’S HOUSE FROM STARA HUTA – timber-frame construction; built in the 90s of 19th c; in the Museum adapted for the needs of a folk inn “Wygoda”.


THE MUSEUM FOUNDERS’ GRAVE:

  • Izydor Gulgowski, born in 1874 at Iwiczno, died in 1925.
  • Teodora Gulgowska, nee Fethke, born in 1860 at Małe Chełmy, died in 1951.

MONUMENT to “The Founders of Kashubian Skansen" ( Teodora and Izydor Gulgowski ), sponsored in 1977 by Kashubian-Pomeranian Association, designed by Wawrzyniec Samp.


MONUMENT TO RÓŻA OSTROWSKA – a writer attached to Wdzydze; sponsored in 2005.

 

Le Musee - Parc Ethnographique de Kaszuby a Wdzydze Kiszewskie de Teodora et Izydor Gulgowski

ul. T. i I. Gulgowskich 68, 83-406 Wdzydze, muzeum@muzeum-wdzydze.gda.pl tel./fax (+48 58) 686-11-30; (+48 58) 686-12-88